IS THERE SUPPORT AFTER DEATH? – What is Adequate Provision for Support? – Part IV
As to the adequacy of support, section 62(1) of the Succession Law Reform Act provides as follows:
62. (1) Determination of amount – In determining the amount and duration, if any, of support, the Court shall consider all the circumstances of the application, including,
(a) the dependant’s current assets and means;
(b) the assets and means that the dependant is likely to have in the future;
(c) the dependant’s capacity to contribute to his or her own support;
(d) the dependant’s age and physical and mental health;
(e) the dependant’s needs, in determining which the Court shall regard to the dependant’s accustomed standard of living;
(f) the measures available for the dependant to become able to provide for his or her own support and the length of time and cost involved to enable the dependant to take those measures;
(g) the proximity and duration of the dependant’s relationship with the deceased;
(h) the contributions made by the dependant to the deceased’s welfare, including indirect and non-financial contributions;
(i) the contributions made by the dependant to the acquisition, maintenance and improvement of the deceased’s property or business;
(j) a contribution by the dependant to the realization of the deceased’s career potential;
(k) whether the dependant has a legal obligation to provide support for another person;
(l) the circumstances of the deceased at the time of death;
(m) any agreement between the deceased and the dependant;
(n) any previous distribution or division of property made by the deceased in favour of the dependant by gift or agreement or under Court order;
(o) the claims that any other person may have as a dependant;
(p) if the dependant is a child,
(i) the child’s aptitude for and reasonable prospects of obtaining an education, and
(ii) the child’s need for a stable environment;
(q) if the dependant is a child of the age of sixteen years or more, whether the child has withdrawn from parental control;
(r) if the dependant is a spouse,
(i) a course of conduct by the spouse during the deceased’s lifetime that is so unconscionable as to constitute an obvious and gross repudiation of the relationship,
(ii) the length of time the spouse cohabited,
(iii) the effect on the spouse’s earning capacity or the responsibilities assumed during cohabitation,
(iv) whether the spouse has undertaken the care of a child who is of the age of eighteen years or over and unable by reason of illness, disability or other cause to withdraw from the charge of his or her parents,
(v) whether the spouse has undertaken to assist in the continuation of a program of education for a child eighteen years of age or over who is unable for that reason to withdraw from the charge of his or her parents,
(vi) any housekeeping, child care or other domestic service performed by the spouse for the family, as if the spouse had devoted the time spent in performing that service in remunerative employment and had contributed the earnings to the family’s support,
(vii) the effect on the spouse’s earnings and career development of the responsibility of caring for a child,
(viii) the desirability of the spouse remaining at home to care for a child; and
(s) any other legal right of the dependant to support, other than out of public money.
(2) Evidence – In addition to the evidence presented by the parties, the Court may direct other evidence to be given as the Court considers necessary or proper.
(3) Idem – The Court may accept such evidence as it considers proper of the deceased’s reasons, so far as ascertainable, for making the dispositions in his or her will, or for not making adequate provision for a dependant, as the case may be, including any statement in writing signed by the deceased.
(4) Idem – In estimating the weight to be given to a statement referred to in subsection (3), the Court shall have regard to all the circumstances from which an inference can reasonably be drawn as to the accuracy of the statement.
Tomorrow we will begin to look at how these legislative terms are being applied by the Courts.
All the best, Suzana and Ian.